Yes, Windows provides a link to a print settings dialog for each printer. This dialog is part of the driver - in my case from Epson (see attached screen shot). As a user I see this behavior: The settings You've made this way are kind of global defaults. An application could override some of these settings whithout effecting other applications. Don't ask me about Java's part...
In the "Print..." dialog, under the "Appearance" tab, there are radio buttons for "One side", "Tumble", or "Duplex" printing.
When I select duplex printing, the printer properly "prints" both sides of the paper, but the back side is blank. In other words, the front side prints, the printer retracts the page, and the back side prints; but all the text is on the front side only.
Other applications (e.g. acroread) print duplex properly using the lpr flag "-o Duplex=DuplexNoTumble").
How can I find (and fix?) the command jedit uses to print?